Leukaemia, Lymphoma, Thalassemia, Immunodeficiency, Aplasia, Anaemia: these are only a few terrible words we deal with every single day.
These are our enemies, and especially the number one enemies for our patients, with whom we struggle side by side.
These diseases affect more children and adolescents than adults and may lead to death with no immediate intervention.
ATMO Onlus and its program were born in order to avoid this terrible scenario.
The Diseases and the Bone Marrow Transplant
The Bone Marrow Transplant is at the heart of a complex and long pathway, where the sick bone marrow is replaced with another one in order to restore the normal production of blood cells.
The transplant may be:
1) allogeneic: the donor is a brother/sister (Sibling) or a relative; the bone marrow may come from a donor recorded on the International Bone Marrow Donor Registry;
2) autologous: the donor is the patient himself to which the healthy cells are transplanted;
3) syngeneic: the donor is genetically identical, as in the case of twins.